Higher mortgage rates and construction costs pushed new home sales lower in February even as demand remains solid due to a lack of existing home inventory.
Sales of newly built, single-family homes in February fell 2.0% to a 772,000 seasonally adjusted annual rate from a downwardly revised reading in January, according to newly released data by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development and the U.S. Census Bureau. New home sales are down 6.2% compared to February 2021.
"The new home market is more important than ever as a source of inventory given the historically low level of resale homes available for purchase," said NAHB Chairman Jerry Konter. "However, higher construction costs are hindering new home sales as the cost of lumber, OSB, shingles and other materials rise. Policymakers could help by reducing tariffs on materials as an anti-inflation measure."
"New home sales softened in January and February as mortgage rates increased," said NAHB Chief Economist Robert Dietz. "NAHB is forecasting additional gains in interest rates as monetary policy meaningfully tightens in 2022, putting additional pressure on housing affordability. However, because there is such limited inventory of existing single-family homes on the market, additional new construction is required to meet demand even as building costs significantly outpace inflation."
A new home sale occurs when a sales contract is signed or a deposit is accepted. The home can be in any stage of construction: not yet started, under construction or completed.
In addition to adjusting for seasonal effects, the February reading of 772,000 units is the number of homes that would sell if this pace continued for the next 12 months. New single-family home inventory was up 33% over last year, rising to a 6.3 months’ supply, with 407,000 available for sale. However, just 35,000 of those are completed and ready to occupy.
The median sales price rose to $400,600 in February, and is up 10.6% compared to a year ago even as residential construction material costs are up 20% over the same period.
Regionally, compared to the previous month, new home sales increased 59.3% in the Northeast, increased 6.3% in the Midwest, decreased 1.7% in the South and decreased 13.0% in the West.